What is porcelain? What is ceramic? Which one we should choose over the other are the first questions that come to mind when shopping for floor or wall tiles.
Let us explain the difference:
What is Porcelain? What is Ceramic?
According to science textbooks and dictionaries: ceramics are nonmetallic and inorganic solids that aren’t metal or based on carbon compounds.
In the flooring industry, ceramic tiles are tiles that are made with clay hardened by heat. By nature, ceramic tiles are water absorbent.
On the other hand, porcelain is a ceramic product with water absorption 05. % and below. The clay used in porcelain production is harder and fired at a higher temperature. It is a more durable product.
Neither ceramic or porcelain tiles are only made of heated clay. After they fire the tiles, they apply a thin coat of liquefied glass over the top surface which we call glaze.
The excellent glaze is not water absorbent. Therefore, it’s stain resistant. The porcelain or ceramic body of the tile is not that big of a concern after the installation for interior use since what we see, we walk on, we get it dirty then we clean is the glazed top.
Today, most manufacturers across Europe produce the ceramic body tiles for wall applications for they weigh less and stick easy.